Song of Solomon

Text: Song of Solomon 1

It is the ballad of a nation’s engagement to her God.  There may not be anything else quite like this song in its personification of the soul of a people and the soul of the Almighty.  Solomon penned a richly prophetic and a deeply devotional song that outlines Israel’s espousal to the Lord.  Unfortunately, there is wonderful devotional and prophetic material oftentimes lost by our own vain minds.  Innuendo and euphemistic interpretation dim the light.  On the other end of the spectrum, to hastily tie this song to Gentiles in the body of Christ loses meaning as well.  The references to nature in relation to the bride show the unbreakable tie between the holiness of God’s people and the prosperity in their promised land.  Deuteronomy 11:12 A land which the LORD thy God careth for: the eyes of the LORD thy God are always upon it, from the beginning of the year even unto the end of the year.

The Song of Solomon is the song of songs because of its length and complexity in comparison to the other songs in the Bible.

  • Exodus 15 – Moses’ song showing God as Deliverer (19 verses)
  • Numbers 21 – Israel’s Wilderness song speaking of God as Water (4 verses)
  • Deuteronomy 32 – Moses’ song showing God’s people (43 verses)
  • Judges 5 – Deborah’s song of victory showing God as Avenger (30 verses)
  • Isaiah 5 – Isaiah’s song of God as husbandman to Israel (30 verses)
  • Isaiah 26 – song of the 2nd Coming and Restoration of Israel (21 verses)
  • Revelation 5:9 – New Song of the Lamb (2 verses)
  • Song of Solomon – The Lord’s engagement to a nation (117 verses)

God’s Commitment to Israel

Remember back to Israel in Egypt.  Israel was blessed for a while, but then a Pharaoh arose who made them slaves to serve with rigour.  And the cry was, Let my people go.  Let them go into the wilderness to worship.

  • Israel’s yearning in Egypt (vss 2-7)
    • Call of Israel in Egypt – vss 2-4, she is not asking the king to draw her, she is asking her shepherd groom to draw her out.  Why?  Because the king (Pharaoh of Egypt) has made her a slave in his kingdom.  God’s love better than the pleasures of sin.  See Moses pleasing God in Hebrews 11:24-27.
    • Confession of Israel in Egypt – vss 5-6, black but comely deals with Israel’s condition in Egypt. See Lamentations 5:10 and Job 30:30.  Israel was put into slavery in Egypt.
    • Cry of Israel in Egypt – vs 7 she seeks rest, nourishment, and fellowship with her shepherd bridegroom
  • The Lord’s response (vss 8-11)
    • Command to Israel in Egypt – Go to the wilderness where you’ll find me as a shepherd.
    • Comparison of Israel in Egypt – Song of Solomon 1:9 where the bride is compared to horses in Pharaoh’s chariots.  Look at Exodus 15:9-19 where the comparison is made in Moses’ song.
    • Commandeering Egyptian spoils – vs 10 is a reference to Moses orders to Israel in Exodus 3:19-22, 11:1-2, 12:31-36
    • Construct a tabernacle in the wilderness – vs 11 referencing the building of the tabernacle in Exodus 26:15-30
  • The bride recognizes the Lord’s passover (vss 12-14)
    • Callous Egyptian king – Pharaoh ignores God’s warning the death of the firstborn, so while the king sitteth at his table there is death in the nation
    • Casualties – Spikenard and myrrh are ointments for burial.  See Mark 15:23 and John 19:39.  Interesting Mary Magdalene as a type of Israel.
      • Reference to the night just as Israel hurried out of Egypt in the night.
      • Jesus Christ is the passover – Behold the Lamb of God
    • Comfort in the wilderness – Engedi is the oasis in the wilderness.  There was a time David found refuge there from Saul in 1 Samuel 24:1.
  • Israel moves into the promised land
    • Captain to lead – After 40 years of wandering the Lord leads Israel into the promised land.  Bride has the eyes of a dove.  Dove is indicative of the spirit of God (Matthew 3:16) and even when Noah sends out a dove to find rest from the ark in Genesis 8.
      • Joshua is given the spirit of God in Deuteronomy 34:9, Israel’s adulterous generation is wiped out, and they enter the promised land.
    • Conquering in the promised land – Our bed is green – Psalm 23:1-2