Sermon on the Mount (Matthew #16)

Text: Matthew 5-7

Matthew focuses more on the Lord’s teaching than his miracles.  This Sermon on the Mount is three chapters of teaching. This is not multiple lessons pieced together, it is one lesson.

We’re going to overview the entire Sermon on the Mount this morning.  That may sound like a daunting task, but there is really one theme in the sermon though it’s addressed from multiple angles.  The Lord Jesus Christ is contrasting the kingdoms of this world with the coming kingdom of the Lord and of his Christ as it’s described in Revelation 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.

Contrast two kingdoms

  • Another way of saying this present evil world contrasted with the world to come.
  • Hebrews 2:5 For unto the angels hath he not put in subjection the world to come, whereof we speak.
  • Hebrews 6:4-5 For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost, 5 And have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come…
  • Mark 10:29-30 And Jesus answered and said, Verily I say unto you, There is no man that hath left house, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my sake, and the gospel’s, 30 But he shall receive an hundredfold now in this time, houses, and brethren, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions; and in the world to come eternal life.
  • Luke 18:29-30 And he said unto them, Verily I say unto you, There is no man that hath left house, or parents, or brethren, or wife, or children, for the kingdom of God’s sake, 30 Who shall not receive manifold more in this present time, and in the world to come life everlasting.

Rewards are contrasted (vss 1-12)

  • Blessed people of the coming kingdom based on their spiritual attributes rather than their physical attributes.
  • 5:12 reward in heaven?  Yes, until the Lord returns with the reward.
  • Revelation 22:12 And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be.
  • The Lord Jesus Christ is speaking about his coming kingdom and the only way you’ll invest in that kingdom is if you actually believe Jesus Christ is a rewarder, Hebrews 11:6.
  • Matthew 5:26, 6:1,2,4,5,6,16,18 …thy Father… is to the Jew first
    • Salt and light (vss 13-16) is a description of the Jew first.  No Gentile nations were given revelation from God like the Jews, no other nation has the promises or covenants of God.  It is the Jewish nation that is salt and light.
    • The Gentiles become salt and light only by coming to a Jewish book, the Jewish savior.   Paul said it in Ephesians 5:3-8. Kingdom of Christ and of God

Excessive righteousness (5:17-6:34)

  • The Lord Jesus Christ fulfilling the law, 5:17-18
  • Your righteousness must exceed scribes and Pharisees, 5:20.  It’s not the appearance of righteousness, but the presence of righteousness in the heart.  Notice the contrast in all of these of an appearance of righteousness versus the presence of righteousness in the heart.
  • Ye have heard it said… kill… (21-26)
  • Ye have heard it said… adultery… (27-32)
  • Ye have heard it said… swear… (33-37)
  • Ye have heard it said… eye for eye… (38-42)
  • Ye have heard it said… love… (43-48)
  • When…alms…(6:1-4)
  • When…pray…(6:5-15)
  • When…fast…(6:16-18)
  • Covetousness blinds men from righteousness (6:19-34)

Rule of law

  • The gold standard when it comes to the law.  The Golden Rule in Matthew 7:12
  • Judging others 7:1, Profaning what’s holy 7:6, Ask 7:7, now this asking is in context with the “Golden Rule”.
  • Contrast people who treat others the way they want to be treated with false prophets who call on the Lord while they also bad mouth and destroy others and seek fame for themselves.
  • Wise man built his house on the rock (7:24-27).  Paul said it this way in 1 Corinthians 3:10-15.
  • Then in 7:29 it’s noted that this entire teaching was different than the way the scribes taught.
    • Jesus taught about rewards in the incorruptible world to come versus rewards in this corruptible world that the scribes taught.
    • Jesus taught about righteousness that exceeded the scribes and Pharisees while those group acted like they were the standard for righteousness.
    • Jesus taught about a rule to sum up the law while the scribes and Pharisees missed the point of the law and made up even more rules that had nothing to do with the law.  Jesus Christ taught about the spirit of the law while the Pharisees only cared for the letter of the law. And the more letters they could add to the law the more righteous they would be.